- (1785-1840)Galician philos-opher and historian. He was born in Brody, and lived in Zolkiew in Galicia. Later he returned to Brody, and eventually moved to Tarnopol. He was a leading figure in the Haskalah movement and the founder (in the 1830s) of Wissenschaft des Judentums. His Guide to the Perplexed of the Time is a philosophical investigation of the course of Jewish history.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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HEBREW LITERATURE, MODERN — definition and scope beginnings periodization … Encyclopedia of Judaism
WISSENSCHAFT DES JUDENTUMS — (Ger.; Science of Judaism ; in Hebrew Ḥokhmat Yisrael). Origin and Definition The term Wissenschaft des Judentums first made its appearance among young Jewish intellectuals during the 1810s and 1820s. Its principal objective, as it was then… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Judaism — /jooh dee iz euhm, day , deuh /, n. 1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the… … Universalium
NAḤMANIDES — (Moses b. Naḥman, also known as Naḥamani and RaMBaN – an acronym of Rabbi Moses Ben Naḥman; 1194–1270), Spanish rabbi and scholar and one of the leading authors of talmudic literature in the Middle Ages; philosopher, kabbalist, biblical exegete,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Exilarch — An exhibit depicting Exilarch Huna at the Beit Hatefutsot Exilarch (Hebrew: ראש גלות Rosh Galut, Aramaic: ריש גלותא Reish Galuta lit. head of the exile , Greek: Æchmalotarcha) refers to the leaders of the Diaspora Jewish community in Babylon… … Wikipedia
CHAJES, ẒEVI HIRSCH — (1805–1855), rabbinic scholar. Chajes was born in Brody, Galicia, where he studied Talmud and rabbinics under R. Ephraim Zalman Margulies and other prominent rabbis. His father was a highly educated banker who resided for fifteen years in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
History of responsa — in Judaism spans a period of 1,700 years. Responsa constitute a special class of rabbinic literature, differing in form , but not necessarily in content, from Rabbinic commentaries devoted to the exegesis of the Bible, the Mishnah, the Talmud,… … Wikipedia
CODIFICATION OF LAW — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the concept and its prevalence in other legal systems in jewish law in the mishnah format and style of the mishnah the talmud and post talmudic halakhic literary forms variety of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
MAIMONIDES, MOSES — (Moses ben Maimon; known in rabbinical literature as Rambam ; from the acronym Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon; 1135–1204), rabbinic authority, codifier, philosopher, and royal physician. BIOGRAPHY The most illustrious figure in Judaism in the post… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
OR AKIVA — (Heb. אוֹר עֲקִיבָא; Light of R. Akiva ), immigrant development town in the northern Sharon, 1½ mi. E. of caesarea . Construction of the town began in 1951 with the aim of providing permanent housing for the inhabitants of the Caesarea ma barah… … Encyclopedia of Judaism